Today’s Air Force: American Warplanes or Kyrgyz Textbooks?

Despite budget crunch, service is seeking to buy English-language books for Central Asian school kids

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Air Force photo / Staff Sgt. Nathan Bevier

A C-17 takes off from the transit center at Manas, Kyrgyzstan, bound for Bagram Air Field, Afghanistan, in 2010.

The Air Force’s top officer is a veteran F-16 pilot who knows a dangerous dive when he sees it. General Mark Welsh has watched the tightening fiscal vise drive the readiness rates of his warplanes down from a goal of 80%, to the mid-50s during a decade of war, to the “high 30s” in recent weeks as mandatory budget cuts begin to bite. “We think,” the Air Force chief of staff said Wednesday, “that’s going to last for awhile.”

Given such intense budgetary pressure, why is the Air Force buying English-language textbooks for every 4th, 5th and 6th grader in Kyrgyzstan?

Probably because it has the money. For most of the past decade, as USAF Capt. Willie Sutton might have said, the military was where the money was. “Today’s military is doing more with more,” Rosa Brooks, an Obama Administration Pentagon appointee from 2009 to 2011, writes in the inaugural issue of Politico Magazine this week. “It sponsors radio and television shows in Afghanistan, operates health clinics in Africa, provides technical assistance to courts and parliaments, engages in cyber-defense, carries out drone strikes in far-flung places, and collects data from our telephone calls and emails.” She quotes retired Army Lieutenant General Dave Barno of the Center for a New American Security that the U.S. military is now “like a super Walmart with everything under one roof.”

Including, apparently, English-language text and workbooks for Kyrgyz kids ages 10 to 13. The Air Force’s 376th Air Expeditionary Wing, based in Kyrgyzstan, is looking to buy the books as part of a “collaborative effort” with the U.S. embassy in Kyrgyzstan, the U.S. Peace Corps, the private Lingua School in the Kyrgyz capital of Bishkek, the Kyrgyz Ministry of Education, the Kyrgyz Academy of Education and the Kyrgyz Academy of Science.

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“Supplying the country’s primary schools with sets of learning materials that have a thorough and consistent methodology will provide a dramatic lift to the effectiveness of English language teaching,” the Air Force says, although it doesn’t explain why taking the lead in such an effort is part of the U.S. military’s mission (U.S. students, according to this map, could use such help, too).

Granted, the U.S. military owes Kyrgyzstan thanks for letting it use its Manas airfield outside of Bishkek as a major transit hub for the war in Afghanistan. But the U.S. was paying Kyrgyzstan $60 million annually for the privilege, a lease Bishkek opted not to renew earlier this year when the U.S. declined to pay more. On Thursday, the Kyrgyz government formally notified U.S. Ambassador Pamela Spratlen that the U.S. must vacate the premises by July 11, 2014.

But the school books will remain as a legacy of the U.S. presence in Kyrgyzstan. “The country’s current English language curriculum relies on Soviet methods of teaching and is implemented using inadequate or inconsistent teaching materials and aids at the classroom level,” the Air Force says. “This project will supply all public school grade 4-6 classrooms with sets of up-to-date textbooks and workbooks, which will establish a foundation of continuous learning and development, as well as promoting a better acquisition of the English language.”

There are some particulars in for those seeking to land the contract to produce nearly a half-million books and teachers’ guides:

– The textbooks and materials must teach its users American English, not British English (i.e. color instead of colour; paralyze instead of paralyse). All products must be written completely in American English.

– The textbooks and materials must be adapted from American/European context to a framework that can be comprehended by Kyrgyz children (i.e. Bishkek instead of New York City).

– Much of the geographical, historical, political, cultural, and other miscellaneous references should be changed or adapted to references that children in the Kyrgyz Republic will understand and can relate to.

– All shipping containers should have the phrase “This container contains humanitarian aid from the United States Government to the Ministry of Education” clearly marked on the outside.

– In each textbook, workbook, and teacher manual, an image of crossed Kyrgyz and U.S. flags crossed will be printed on the inside flyleaf page, along with the phrase “Presented on behalf of the Ministry of Education and the Government of the United States” in English, Kyrgyz and Russian.

Like this:

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The fate of Manas has been of great interest in Russia. There was a flurry of stories in the Russian media Thursday about Bishkek’s formal delivery of the U.S. deadline to depart, but many in Moscow think it’s all a hoax designed to mask U.S. missile-defense efforts in the region. The U.S. has conducted regular tours at Manas to try to quell such rumors.

The U.S. is moving much of the work it has done at Manas for more than a decade to Romania’s Mihail Kogalniceanu airbase on the Black Sea.

The Romanian base may be three times as far from Afghanistan as Manas, but Bucharest isn’t settling for mere schoolbooks or rent. It’s getting a U.S. missile-defense system.

6 comments
ccanningwilson
ccanningwilson


I hope they choose the book series: American English for Kyrgyz Children. Not only does the series meet every guideline required, but the series was written to help promote a positive vision of the United States LONG after the departure from the Manas base.   Moreover, the book is of  high quality.  It was written for children by an award winning  professionally licensed teacher for that age group who is also a licensed administrator in the United States.   At one point, the author was actually  a specialist in Kyrgyzstan helping train English educators and volunteers from the Peace Corps. Let's hope the committee chooses this as their series because it will be tax dollars well spent; and, it will greatly impact the Central Asian children of Kyrgyzstan to improve their English language skills, knowledge of the culture as it relates to their traditions and belief systems.   It is a win-win situation, so that we have better relations in the future in not only Kyrgyzstan, but Central Asia.  If our tax dollars are used here, it will plant the seed of thought that sheds our people in a positive light by building relationships that are traditionally and culturally sensitive and grounded in American English.


 

shelliec323
shelliec323

It's NOT a base...but Transit Center. Many have worked hard to get rid of this stipulation for a very long time. Once you associate that word (base) with Manas, people see things in a different and quite often less positive light. What should be focused on is the GOOD that has and is being done for the people of a country who are desperately trying to make a positive change. One could argue for days where money is concerned but sometimes it's not always about that...even if everything you do depends on it.

Don_Bacon
Don_Bacon

Also  the US has given Kyrgyzstan more than $100 million in aid, and that doesn't count the fuel scam.  The U.S. paid hundreds of millions of dollars to a pair of secretive contractors charged with supplying the air base with fuel, an arrangement that eventually attracted intense scrutiny in both Washington and the Kyrgyz capitol of Bishkek.

 So Kyrgyzstan's parliament was poised to defeat the bill calling for the annulment of the base agreement.  But then a number of events changed their calculation. From the U.S. side, the Department of Justice dropped charges against former first-son Maxim Bakiyev, to the dismay of many in the new government. Meanwhile, Russia -- which has long opposed the base's existence -- agreed to fund a strategic hydropower plant and to forgive $500 million of Kyrgyzstan's debt. Thus, the 91-5 vote in parliament in favor of annulment.

SkotLindstedt
SkotLindstedt

Having been deployed to Manas and been on the humanitarian teams that went to these schools and helped, I know what a tremendous help this will be. These schools would be condemned in any city in the United States but these children are there and want to learn. They love when we show up, even without anything for them but just to sled down the hill with them outside their school. The money for planes and the money for humanitarian aid comes from two different pots of gold so comparing the two is absurd. The Krygz people have done so much for us over there, I think to leave these books as a parting gift is invaluable. I applaud whomever it was that made this decision and hope they continue to make a difference wherever they are in command!

SkotLindstedt
SkotLindstedt

Having been deployed to Manas and been on the humanitarian teams that went to these schools and helped, I know what a tremendous help this will be. These schools would be condemned in any city in the United States but these children are there and want to learn. They love when we show up, even without anything for them but just to sled down the hill with them outside their school. The money for planes and the money for humanitarian aid comes from two different pots of gold so comparing the two is absurd. The Krygz people have done so much for us over there, I think to leave these books as a parting gift is invaluable. I applaud whomever it was that made this decision and hope they continue to make a difference wherever they are in command!

Don_Bacon
Don_Bacon

@SkotLindstedt The point of this is that the US Air Force is buying these books. If the books were being bought with humanitarian aid there wouldn't be any cause for interest, other than the fact that Kyrgyzstan is giving the Air Force the boot.